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Oncogene. 1997 Feb 6;14(5):611-6.

Frequent loss of chromosome 14 in atypical and malignant meningioma: identification of a putative 'tumor progression' locus.

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Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Ohio 45267-0524, USA.


Formation of meningiomas has been associated with the loss of genetic material on chromosome 22. To approach the additional chromosomal events that underlie progression of these tumors to malignancy, we have examined several other chromosomal regions for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in these tumors. Fifty-eight tumors, comprising 43 benign meningiomas, 11 atypical meningiomas and four malignant meningiomas, were examined. While the loss of chromosome 22 was seen in approximately half of all these tumors, regardless of their malignancy, the most frequent chromosomal losses observed in the malignant and atypical tumors were on the long arm of chromosome 14. Thirty-nine tumors were informative for at least one of the three markers on chromosome 14 that we tested. Of these, 7/14 malignant and atypical tumors showed LOH in contrast to only 1/25 benign tumors. Other loci that showed LOH in malignant tumors, although at a much lower frequency, were on chromosomes 17p and 1p. The high frequency of LOH for loci on chromosome 14q in atypical and malignant tumors suggests the presence of a tumor progression gene at this locus. In one of the malignant meningiomas heterozygosity was lost at D14S13 and D14S16 but retained at the proximal marker D14S43 as well as the more distal marker D14S23. This suggests that an interstitial deletion occurred in this tumor which should be useful for further refining the position of the putative tumor progression locus.

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