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Cell Growth Differ. 1996 Apr;7(4):439-47.

Integrin alpha 2 beta 1 in tumorigenic human osteosarcoma cell lines regulates cell adhesion, migration, and invasion by interaction with type I collagen.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.


Human osteosarcomas are aggressive bone tumors. Here we propose that their progression requires altered cell interaction with extracellular matrix. Since type I collagen is the main matrix molecule found in bone and thus obligated to interact with tumor cells, we analyzed the expression and function of different integrin-type collagen receptors in tumor cell-collagen interaction by using eight human osteogenic sarcoma (HOS) cell lines. Virally (Kirsten sarcoma virus) transformed derivatives of HOS cells (KHOS-NP) and chemically [N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)] transformed tumorigenic subclones of human osteogenic sarcoma cells (HOS-MNNG) expressed alpha 2 beta 1 integrin in remarkably larger amounts than the six other nontumorigenic cell lines (HOS, MG-63, Saos-2, KHOS-240, KHOS-312, and G292). Concomitantly, Mg(2+)-dependent adhesion of tumorigenic cells to type I collagen was increased. We also show that the migration of tumorigenic cells on and invasion through type I collagen is faster than that of HOS cells. HOS cells forced to express alpha 2 integrin by cDNA transfections showed increased Mg(2+)-dependent cell adhesion to type I collagen and also accelerated migration and invasion rate, indicating that the overexpression of alpha 2 beta 1 integrin in tumorigenic cells alone explains the altered cell-collagen interaction. Finally, HOS cells forced to express alpha 2 integrin subunit did not grow s.c. in athymic mice, suggesting that overexpression of alpha 2 integrin is not efficient to make these cells tumorigenic.

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