Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Oncogene. 1997 Feb 27;14(8):929-35.

p21(Waf1/Cip1) protects against p53-mediated apoptosis of human melanoma cells.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA.

Abstract

The tumor suppressive effect of p53 is believed to be rooted in its two primary functions: the implementation of cellular growth arrest and the execution of apoptotic cell death. While p53-regulated expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(Waf1/Cip1) appears to be central for the implementation of G1 arrest, the participation of p21(Waf1/Cip1) in p53-triggered cell death remains controversial. In the present study, overexpression of p53 in human melanoma SK-MEL-110 cells through use of an adenoviral expression vector (AdCMV.p53) was found to result in apoptosis, while similar infection of primary vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) instead resulted in a moderate inhibition of growth. Expression of p21(Waf1/Cip1) was strongly elevated in VSMC, but showed little change in SK-MEL-110 cells, although expression of another p53-regulated gene (GADD45) was comparable in both AdCMV.p53-infected cell types. Evidence that p21(Waf1/Cip1) expression may be required for surviving p53-induced cell death was further supported by the finding that p53 overexpression was highly toxic for p21-deficient mouse embryonal fibroblasts (p21-/- MEFs). In both SK-MEL-110 and p21-/- MEFs, adenovirus-driven ectopic expression of p21(Waf1/Cip1) resulted in a substantial protection against p53-induced apoptosis, indicating that p21(Waf1/Cip1) rescued cells from a path of programmed cell death to one of enhanced survival.

PMID:
9050992
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1200897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center