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Hum Genet. 1997 Mar;99(3):298-302.

An extension of the admixture test for the study of genetic heterogeneity in hereditary multiple exostoses.

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Département de Génétique et Unité de Recherches sur les Handicaps Génétiques de l'Enfant, INSERM U-393, Hôpital des Enfants-Malades, Paris, France.


Hereditary multiple exostoses (EXT) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of multiple cartilage-capped exostoses in the juxta-epiphyseal regions of the long bones. EXT is heterogeneous with at least three different locations currently having been identified on chromosomes 8, 11 and 19. We have tested a series of 29 EXT families for possible linkage to the three disease loci and estimated the probability of linkage of the disease to each locus in our series, by using an extension of the admixture test, which makes modelling of heterogeneous monogenic disease feasible. The maximum likelihood was obtained for proportions of 44%, 28% and 28% of families being linked to chromosome 8, 11 and 19, respectively. The a posteriori probability of linkage of the disease to EXT1, EXT2 and EXT3 was greater than 80% for 8/29, 5/29 and 3/29 families, respectively, and did not give evidence of a fourth locus for the disease. The present approach can be generalized to the investigation of genetic heterogeneity in other monogenic diseases, as it simultaneously estimates the location of each disease gene and the proportion of families linked to each locus.

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