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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1997 Feb;82(2):440-6.

Respective oxidation of 13C-labeled lactate and glucose ingested simultaneously during exercise.

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Département d'Education Physique, Université de Montréal, Province of Quebec, Canada.


The purpose of this experiment was to measure, by using 13C labeling, the oxidation rate of exogenous lactate (25 g, as Na+, K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ salts) and glucose (75 g) ingested simultaneously (in 1,000 ml of water) during prolonged exercise (120 min, 65 +/- 3% maximum oxygen uptake in 6 male subjects). The percentage of exogenous glucose and lactate oxidized were similar (48 +/-3 vs. 45 +/- 5%, respectively). However, because of the small amount of oral lactate that could be tolerated without gastrointestinal discomfort, the amount of exogenous lactate oxidized was much smaller than that of exogenous glucose (11.1 +/- 0.5 vs. 36.3 +/- 1.3 g, respectively) and contributed to only 2.6 +/- 0.4% of the energy yield (vs. 8.4 +/- 1.9% for exogenous glucose). The cumulative amount of exogenous glucose and lactate oxidized was similar to that observed when 100 g of [13C]glucose were ingested (47.3 +/- 1.8 vs. 50.9 +/- 1.2 g, respectively). When [13C]glucose was ingested, changes in the plasma glucose 13C/12C ratio indicated that between 39 and 61% of plasma glucose derived from exogenous glucose. On the other hand, the plasma glucose 13C/12C ratio remained unchanged when [13C]lactate was ingested, suggesting no prior conversion into glucose before oxidation.

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