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Immunity. 1997 Feb;6(2):155-64.

Regulation of Vav-SLP-76 binding by ZAP-70 and its relevance to TCR zeta/CD3 induction of interleukin-2.

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Division of Tumor Immunology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


T cell activation stimulates p56(lck), p59(fyn), ZAP-70, Vav-SLP-76 binding, and IL-2 transcription. Major questions concern the tyrosine-kinase and relevant site(s) needed for Vav-SLP-76 complex formation and its role in IL-2 production. Here, we show that of the three kinases, only ZAP-70 phosphorylates SLP-76 at specific sites that allow Vav SH2 domain binding. Therefore, while p56(lck) regulates proximal events, ZAP-70 acts downstream on targets such as SLP-76. We also show by in vitro and in vivo analysis that two SLP-76 pYESP motifs (Y113 and Y128) mediate binding, the first being more efficient. A third pYEPP motif (Y145) failed to bind. Finally, TCR zeta CD3 ligation of T cell hybridoma DC27.10 induces IL-2 production without detectable Vav-SLP-76 binding. Therefore, despite effects of Vav-SLP-76 on IL-2 expression, Vav-SLP-76 binding per se is not essential for IL-2 production in all T cells.

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