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J Biol Chem. 1997 Mar 7;272(10):6534-8.

A novel muscle protein located inside the terminal cisternae of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova Medical School, Padova, Italy.


An immunofluorescence study of adult rat muscle tissues with a polyclonal antibody against the RGD-directed fibronectin receptor of Friend's erythroleukemia cells (alpha5beta1-integrin) unexpectedly revealed a pattern of intracellular antigen distribution. Western blotting analysis of rat and rabbit membrane fractions indicated that the antibody recognizes a 167-kDa protein expressed both in heart and in skeletal muscle (relative abundance: heart > slow muscle > fast muscle), but not in liver and kidney. The 167-kDa protein did not show altered electrophoretic mobility upon reduction and failed to bind several lectins, including wheat germ agglutinin. A study of its subcellular distribution in rabbit skeletal muscle revealed that the 167-kDa protein is mostly associated with the terminal cisternae of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and, to a smaller extent, with the sarcolemma, while it is absent in the longitudinal tubules of the SR. The 167-kDa protein is not an integral membrane protein since it can be extracted at pH >/=10. This protein can be proteolytically cleaved only in the presence of detergent, indicating that it resides on the luminal side of the SR. The 167-kDa protein could be resolved from the closely spaced sarcalumenin and histidine-rich protein by column chromatography followed by detergent dialysis and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The N terminus and the internal sequences did not match any known sequence in protein and DNA data bases, indicating that the 167-kDa protein is a novel muscle protein selectively localized to the SR. Integrins from rat kidney fibroblasts were not recognized by either (i) a polyclonal antiserum against the purified 167-kDa protein or (ii) the anti-alpha5beta1-integrin antiserum after affinity purification onto the 167-kDa protein. These data indicate that the 167-kDa protein is not immunologically cross-reactive with integrins, despite its reaction with a polyclonal anti-integrin antibody.

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