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Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1996 Dec;19(10):503-6.

[Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis simulating gallbladder neoplasm: therapeutic implications].

[Article in Spanish]

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Servicio de Cirugía General y del Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Clínic i Provincial, Universidad de Barcelona.


Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is an infrequent type of chronic cholecystitis whose histologic features, in some cases, show a macroscopic appearance which may lead to suspicion of a gallbladder neoplasm with the consequent contraindication of the laparoscopic approach. The incidence of XGC was reviewed in a prospective series of 514 cholecystectomies performed in the authors' department from January 1991 to January 1996. Fourteen cases (2.7%) of XGC were identified with a male/female ratio of 1/1.8 and a mean age of 71 +/- 9 years. The most frequent form of presentation observed was hepatic cholic (43%). Echography showed cholelithiasis in 13 patients (93%). In 3 cases (21%), clinical and echographic suspicion of neoplasm was established, two being in the gallbladder, thus contraindicating the laparoscopic approach. A third patient underwent surgery for suspicion of a colon neoplasm. Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis presents a macroscopic appearance which may be interpreted as a gallbladder neoplasm in up to 25% of the cases thus leading to treatment with laparoscopy.

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