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Microbiology. 1997 Feb;143 ( Pt 2):313-20.

The highly immunogenic enolase and Hsp70p are adventitious Candida albicans cell wall proteins.

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Secció Departamental de Microbiología, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de València, Spain.


Screening cDNA libraries with polyclonal antibody preparations against Candida albicans yeast or mycelial cell walls resulted in isolation of several positive clones. Some of them encoded enolase; others encoded a protein of the 70 kDa heat-shock protein family (Hsp70p), etc. The presence of these cytosolic proteins in the cell wall of actively growing C. albicans was discovered by analytical (SDS-PAGE and Western blot) and cytological (indirect immunofluorescence) experiments. Supplementation of cell cultures with papulacandin B, an antibiotic that inhibits formation of the beta-glucan skeleton, resulted in the release of enolase to the supernatant fluids; this release was prevented when 0.6 M KCl was present as an osmotic stabilizer. The cell wall of C. albicans incorporated exogenously added proteins (enolase and Escherichia coli and C., albicans cytosolic proteins). The presence in the C. albicans cell wall of enolase, Hsp70p, and probably other intracellular proteins that are highly immunogenic might help the fungal cells to evade the host defences, and consequently could represent a survival mechanism for C. albicans 'in vivo'.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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