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Acad Med. 1997 Feb;72(2):117-20.

Implications of cognitive research for ambulatory care education.

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Department of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Professions Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109-0201, USA.


Research in cognitive psychology has led to changes in how educators conceptualize thinking and approach improving students' thinking processes. As medical education moves into ambulatory care settings, there is an opportunity for educators to consider the implications of cognition theories for the ambulatory case curriculum. In this paper, the author briefly explains four major concepts of cognitive theory-the importance of context; students' need for transferable knowledge; the importance of balancing depth and breadth of knowledge; and the role of prior knowledge in problem solving- and discusses the possible implications of each concept for ambulatory care educations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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