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Am J Physiol. 1997 Jan;272(1 Pt 2):R350-6.

A role for adenosine in metabolic depression in the marine invertebrate Sipunculus nudus.

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Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Biologie 1/Okophysiologie, Bremerhaven, Germany.


Involvement of neurotransmitters in metabolic depression under hypoxia and hypercapnia was examined in Sipunculus nudus. Concentration changes of several putative neurotransmitters in nervous tissue during anoxic or hypercapnic exposure or during combined anoxia and hypercapnia were determined. Among amino acids (gamma-aminobutyric acid, glutamate, glycine, taurine, serine, and aspartate) and monoamines (serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine), some changes were significant, but none were consistent with metabolic depression under all experimental conditions applied. Only the neuromodulator adenosine displayed concentration changes in accordance with metabolic depression under all experimental conditions. Levels increased during anoxia, during hypercapnia, and to an even greater extent during anoxic hypercapnia. Adenosine infusions into coelomic fluid via an indwelling catheter induced a significant depression of the normocapnic rate of O2 consumption from 0.36 +/- 0.04 to a minimum of 0.24 +/- 0.02 (SE) mumol.g-1.h-1 after 90 min (n = 6). Application of the adenosine antagonist theophylline caused a transient rise in O2 consumption 30 min after infusion during hypercapnia but not during normocapnia. Effects of adenosine and theophylline were observed in intact individuals but not in isolated body wall musculature. The results provide evidence for a role of adenosine in inducing metabolic depression in S. nudus, probably through the established effects of decreasing neuronal excitability and neurotransmitter release. In consideration of our previous finding that metabolic depression in isolated body wall musculature was elicited by extracellular acidosis, it is concluded that central and cellular mechanisms combine to contribute to the overall reduction in metabolic rate in S. nudus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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