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Immunology. 1997 Jan;90(1):154-9.

Diadenosine polyphosphates induce intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in human neutrophils via a pertussis toxin sensitive G-protein.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Liverpool, UK.


The diadenosine polyphosphates diadenosine 5',5"'-P1,P3-triphosphate (Ap3A), diadenosine 5',5"'-P1,P4-tetraphosphate (Ap4A), diadenosine 5',5"'-P1,P5-pentaphosphate (Ap5A) and diadenosine 5',5"'-P1,P6-hexaphosphate (Ap6A) all stimulated increases in intracellular Ca2+ in human neutrophils. Maximal increases in intracellular Ca2+ of 650 nM were obtained at dinucleotide concentrations of 500-700 microM. These increases in intracellular, Ca2+ were completely abolished by pre-treatment of the neutrophils with pertussis toxin and were hardly affected when the extracellular buffer was devoid of Ca2+. On the other hand, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) could stimulate much greater increases in intracellular Ca2+ (up to 1.1 microM) at much lower concentrations (half maximal responses obtained at around 5 microM ATP). Receptor de-sensitization experiments indicate that human neutrophils may possess two types of P2-purinoceptors. The first of these may bind ATP (but not the dinucleotides) with high affinity whilst the second may bind the dinucleotides with lower affinity and also bind ATP.

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