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Immunology. 1997 Jan;90(1):52-6.

Delayed-type hypersensitivity elicited by synthetic peptides complexed with Mycobacterium tuberculosis hsp 70.

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MRC Tuberculosis and Related Infections Unit, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.


Four synthetic peptides bearing dominant CD4+ T-cell epitopes of the 19,000 and 38,000 MW proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were used to provoke a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in mice previously immunized with recombinant 19,000 and 38,000 MW proteins. It was found that an effective enhancement of the DTH reaction was obtained if the peptides were administered as a complex with M. tuberculosis hsp 70 protein. The increase in reactivity was not obtained when hsp 70 and peptide were co-injected at the same site, but not in complex, or when the specific peptide was displaced from the complex by an irrelevant peptide with high capacity to bind hsp 70. One of the antigenic peptides whose capacity to complex with hsp 70 is low, failed to show the enhancement of DTH when injected together with hsp 70.

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