Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 1997 Mar;65(3):1083-7.

Characterization of hemin binding activity of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA.


Streptococcus pneumoniae is a causative agent of bacterial pneumonia, otitis media, meningitis, and bacteremia. It causes considerable morbidity and mortality throughout the world, especially among children, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals. We have demonstrated previously that the growth of S. pneumoniae is limited under iron-depleted conditions and can be restored by the addition of either hemin or hemoglobin. In the present study, we showed that S. pneumoniae had the ability to bind hemin and that the level of hemin binding activity was not affected by supplementation of the growth medium with iron. Approximately 70 to 80% of the hemin binding activity was mediated by proteinase-resistant components, and the remainder was mediated by proteins. Hemin binding proteins were located in both soluble extract and envelope fractions of pneumococcal cells. By batch affinity chromatography, a major hemin binding polypeptide with an apparent molecular mass of 43 kDa was identified in the cell lysate of S. pneumoniae. Polyclonal antibodies against this polypeptide were raised. By immunoblot analysis, this hemin binding polypeptide was localized in the envelope and did not exhibit any variation in molecular weight among all serotypes tested. The subcellular distribution of hemin binding activity may have functional implications.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center