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Biochem Pharmacol. 1997 Jan 24;53(2):149-60.

Effects of antioxidant enzyme modulations on interleukin-1-induced nuclear factor kappa B activation.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Biochimie Cellulaire, Facult├ęs Universitaires, Namur, Belgium.

Abstract

Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) is a potent and pleiotropic transcription factor that can be activated by a wide variety of inducers, including interleukin-1 (IL-1). Although the detailed activation mechanism of NF-kappa B is still under investigation, it requires both phosphorylation and degradation of its inhibitory subunit I kappa B and the presence of an oxidative environment. In this study, we systematically evaluated the influence of glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and catalase on IL-1-induced NF-kappa B activation by analysing the effect of specific inhibitors of these enzymes. For the three antioxidant enzymes mentioned, their inhibition correlated with an overactivation of NF-kappa B, particularly for glutathione peroxidase. Inversely, we tested the response of glutathione peroxidase-transfected cells on NF-kappa B activation, which was lower as compared with the parental cells. Furthermore, interleukin-6 production also correlated perfectly with the reduced level of NF-kappa B activation is these experiments. The results clearly show that NF-kappa B activation is, strongly dependent on the antioxidant potential of the cells, especially on the activity of reduced glutathione-dependent enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase. The results support the hypothesis that the level of the oxidised glutathione:reduced glutathione ratio and the activity of intracellular antioxidant enzymes play a major role in NF-kappa B tine tuning.

PMID:
9037247
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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