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J Invest Dermatol. 1997 Mar;108(3):307-12.

Differential expression of the calpactin I subunits annexin II and p11 in cultured keratinocytes and during wound repair.

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  • 1Max-Planck-Institut fur Biochemie, Department of Virus Research, Martinsried, Germany.


Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) is an important modulator of skin morphogenesis and cutaneous wound repair. To gain insight into the mechanisms of TGF-beta1 action in the skin, we used the differential display RT-PCR technique to identify genes that are regulated by this factor in cultured human keratinocytes. We obtained several partial cDNA clones. One of them was identical to the 3'-end of p11, the small and regulatory subunit of the calpactin I complex [(annexin II)2(p11)2]. RNase protection and northern blot analysis revealed specific regulation of expression of both subunits of this heterotetrameric protein (p11 and annexin II) by TGF-beta1 as well as by other growth factors, although the time course and degree of induction or suppression were different for each gene. Furthermore, we analyzed p11 and annexin II expression in normal and wounded skin. Both p11 and annexin II mRNAs were found in the dermal and epidermal compartments of normal human skin. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated the presence of p11 at equally high levels in all layers of normal epidermis and in the hyper-proliferative epithelium at the wound edge. By contrast, annexin II expression was high in the basal layer of normal epidermis but low in the suprabasal layers and in the hyper-proliferative epithelium at the wound edge, suggesting a differentiation-specific regulation of this calpactin I subunit. The differential expression and regulation of p11 and annexin II subunits in keratinocytes suggest the existence of different ratios of monomeric versus p11-complexed annexin II that might be associated with different cellular functions.

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