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Am J Hematol. 1997 Feb;54(2):95-101.

Platelet microparticles and calcium homeostasis in acute coronary ischemias.

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1
The William J Harrington Center for Blood Diseases/Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida, USA.

Abstract

Elevation of free cytoplasmic calcium is the common pathway of platelet activation, leading to shape change, shedding of platelet microparticles (PMP), aggregation, and secretion of internal granules, including expression of CD62p on the surface. Platelet activation is well documented in unstable angina (UA) and acute myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated the following markers of platelet activation in 55 patients undergoing coronary angiography for suspected CAD: free cytoplasmic calcium, [Ca2+]cyt, PMP, CD62p expression, and platelet/leukocyte (P/L) interaction. [Ca2+]cyt was measured by Fluo-3 and the other measurements were by flow cytometry. Patients were classified into three groups: unstable angina (UA, n = 11), recent myocardial infarction (MI, n = 11), and patient controls (CTL, n = 33). Blood was drawn before infusion of heparin through femoral lines at the time of catheterizaton for assays. (

RESULTS:

(1) PMP values were significantly higher in both UA and MI than in CTL, P < 0.05. There was no difference between UA and MI. (2) P/L interaction was significantly elevated only in UA, P < 0.05. (3) CD62p expression on free platelets did not differ significantly between any of the three groups. (4) The resting [Ca2+]cyt, thrombin-induced Ca2+ influx, and release of Ca2+ from internal stores were all significantly higher in platelets from the combined patient group (UA + MI) than in the patient control group, P < 0.001

CONCLUSIONS:

Results on calcium hemostasis and PMP were significantly different in patients with acute coronary syndromes than those with stable angina or no coronary ischemia; this may reflect underlying pathophysiology of acute coronary ischemia. P/L interaction was higher only in the UA group, suggesting a role of leukocytes in UA.

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