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Vaccine. 1996 Dec;14(17-18):1677-85.

Size effect on systemic and mucosal immune responses induced by oral administration of biodegradable microspheres.

Author information

1
Research Center for Biomedical Engineering, Kyoto University, Japan.

Abstract

Induction of systemic and mucosal immune responses following oral administration of biodegradable poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) microspheres containing a model antigen, ovalbunin (OVA) was studied using microspheres with different average diameters of 0.6, 1.0, 4.0, 7.0, 11.0, 15.0, 21.0, and 26.0 microns. They were prepared from double emulsion with the solvent evaporation method, followed by size fractionation on counterflow elutriation. OVA was released from the microspheres in vitro over 80 days, irrespective of their size. Production of the serum anti-OVA IgG antibody and secretory OVA-specific IgA antibody in the mice gut was assessed following the oral administration of PDLLA microspheres containing OVA. Microspheres with a diameter of 4.0 microns enhanced the serum antibody in contrast with that of free OVA, but were not effective in inducing the gut secretion of IgA antibody. On the other hand, OVA-containing microspheres with a diameter of 7.0 microns enhanced IgA secretion to a significant extent compared with free OVA, whereas those with 26.0 microns in diameter were ineffective. Body distribution study revealed that the amount of microspheres taken up into Peyer's patches (PP) increased with the increasing size up to 11.0 microns, thereafter decreased, and finally became zero when their diameters were 21.0 microns or larger. The microspheres taken up into PP were translocated to the spleen, but no microspheres were noticed in the spleen when the size was larger than 5 microns. After being taken up inot PP, microspheres < 5 microns in diameter seemed to be transported to the spleen, a systemic lymphoid tissue, where the released antigen stimulated a serum antibody response, but larger microspheres probably remained at PP without being translocated to the spleen over the course of their antigen release, leading to induction of IgA secretion. It was concluded that the body distribution pattern of microspheres following the PP uptake was a key factor to regulate the induction of systemic and mucosal immune responses.

PMID:
9032899
DOI:
10.1016/s0264-410x(96)00149-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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