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Mol Cell Biol. 1997 Mar;17(3):1212-23.

A family of cyclin-like proteins that interact with the Pho85 cyclin-dependent kinase.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Medical Genetics, University of Toronto, Canada.


In budding yeast, entry into the mitotic cell cycle, or Start, requires the Cdc28 cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) and one of its three associated G1 cyclins, Cln1, Cln2, or Cln3. In addition, two other G1 cyclins, Pcl1 and Pcl2, associate with a second Cdk, Pho85, to contribute to Start. Although Pho85 is not essential for viability, Pcl1,2-Pho85 kinase complexes become essential for Start in the absence of Cln1,2-Cdc28 kinases. In addition, Pho85 interacts with a third cyclin, Pho80, to regulate acid phosphatase gene expression. Other cellular roles for Pho85 cyclin-Cdk complexes are suggested by the multiple phenotypes associated with deletion of PHO85, in addition to Start defects and deregulated acid phosphatase gene expression. Strains with pho80, pcl1, and pcl2 deletions show only a subset of the pho85 mutant phenotypes, suggesting the existence of additional Pho85 cyclins (Pcls). We used two-hybrid screening and database searching to identify seven additional cyclin-related genes that may interact with Pho85. We found that all of the new genes encode proteins that interacted with Pho85 in an affinity chromatography assay. One of these genes, CLG1, was previously suggested to encode a cyclin, based on the protein's sequence homology to Pcl1 and Pcl2. We have named the other genes PCL5, PCL6, PCL7, PCL8, PCL9, and PCL10. On the basis of sequence similarities, the PCLs can be divided into two subfamilies: the Pcl1,2-like subfamily and the Pho80-like subfamily. We found that deletion of members of the Pcl1,2 class of genes resulted in pronounced morphological abnormalities. In addition, we found that expression of one member of the Pcl1,2 subfamily, PCL9, is cell cycle regulated and is decreased in cells arrested in G1 by pheromone treatment. Our studies suggest that Pho85 associates with multiple cyclins and that subsets of cyclins may direct Pho85 to perform distinct roles in cell growth and division.

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