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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Feb;155(2):536-41.

The intrapulmonary half-life and safety of aerosolized alpha1-protease inhibitor in normal volunteers.

Author information

1
Pneumologische Abteilung, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, Klinikum Grosshadern, University of Munich, Germany.

Abstract

Aerosol delivery of alpha1-protease-inhibitor (alpha1-PI) has the potential for reducing the amount of alpha1-PI needed to treat persons who are severely alpha1-PI-deficient, thereby decreasing the high cost of treatment and making alpha1-PI available to treat many alpha1-PI-deficient persons who do not now have access to that product. Aerosolized alpha1-PI may also be useful in cystic fibrosis. The goal of our study was to evaluate the duration of action of aerosolized alpha1-PI and possible side effects in normal volunteers. Twenty-nine volunteers underwent bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and 3 to 7 d later inhaled 200 mg of alpha1-PI. Subjects were subsequently assigned to one of five groups; a second BAL was performed 0.5, 6, 12, 24, or 36 h after the aerosol, respectively. The BAL fluid samples were analyzed for alpha1-PI concentrations, anti-neutrophil elastase (NE) activity, cell count and differential, alpha1-PI-NE complex level, and uptake of alpha1-PI by alveolar macrophages. Overall we observed no substantial side effects. The one-time alpha1-PI aerosol induced a significant increase of alpha1-PI concentrations as well as anti-NE activity. Even in the BAL fluid samples obtained 36 h after aerosol administration alpha1-PI concentrations and anti-NE activity were about double baseline values. The half-time in the lungs for alpha1-PI concentrations and anti-NE activity were about double baseline values. The half-time in the lungs for alpha1-PI was 69.2 h and for anti-NE activity was 53.2 h, respectively. We conclude from our data in normal volunteers that inhalation of aerosolized alpha1-PI may be a safe, effective, and conveniently administered therapy for persons with severe alpha1-PI deficiency; this mode of administration warrants further study.

PMID:
9032191
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.155.2.9032191
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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