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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1997 Jan;71(1):59-65.

Rape-related psychotraumatic syndromes.

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  • 1Clinique Psychiatrique Universitaire, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tours, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study took place in a forensic center for rape victims. Our aims were: first, to explore the longitudinal course of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and prevalence of disorders over the 6-month period following rape, then second, to group these disorders into syndromes related to chronic PTSD whilst remaining distinct from it, and third, to establish some predictive factors for chronic PTSD.

STUDY DESIGN:

92 rape victims consecutively admitted to the center were regularly interviewed over a 6-month period by a psychiatrist.

RESULTS:

The paper confirms that rape leads to a high proportion of PTSD. Generally speaking, the psychopathology following rape is severe. PTSD at 6 months is associated with phobic and dissociative disorders. It is further associated with a cluster of symptoms arising after rape that we term borderline-like. Incestuous rape is a predictive factor for PTSD at 6 months.

CONCLUSION:

In the aftermath of rape several semiologically distinct psychotraumatic syndromes exist.

PMID:
9031961
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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