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Vitamin B1, B2 and B6 deficiency in primary school children infected with hookworm.

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Department of Helminthology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.


One thousand and seven hundred thirty-six school children from two districts in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province were screened for hookworm infection using the Kato-Katz stool examination technic. Two hundred students who have at least 2,000 eggs per g of stool were recruited into the program. The students were divided into six groups: groups 1, 2 and 3 were from Tha Sala district while groups 4, 5 and 6 were from Ronpibul district. Three milliliter blood samples were obtained from the cubital vein of each subject and were evaluated for erythrocyte transketolase activity (ETK) for vitamin B1, erythrocyte glutathione oxidoreductase activity (EGR) for vitamin B2, and erythrocyte aspartate aminotransferase activity (EAST) for vitamin B6. The school children were divided into three groups: those infected only with hookworm, those with both hookworm and Trichuris trichiura, and those whose stools show no parasite eggs. The results show that 10-20% of the school children are vitamin B1 deficient, about 40% to 80% are vitamin B2 deficient, and about 14% to 23% are vitamin B6 deficient. No correlation could be made between vitamin deficiencies and parasitic infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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