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Eur J Biochem. 1997 Jan 15;243(1-2):181-90.

Biosynthesis of renin in mouse kidney tumor As4.1 cells.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.


As4.1, a renin-expressing cell line isolated from a mouse renal tumor, was characterized for synthesis, processing, storage and secretion of renin polypeptides. Metabolic labeling, immunoprecipitation and SDS/PAGE analysis revealed that renin was secreted into the culture supernatant predominantly in the form of prorenin which migrated as products of 42-47 kDa. The predominant intracellular renin was processed into two chains, of 33-34 and 5 kDa. N-glycanase treatment removed N-linked oligosaccharides and yielded products of 41 kDa for prorenin and 31-32 kDa for the heavier chain of two-chain renin. The N-terminus of the constitutively secreted prorenin was determined by automated Edman degradation to be Leu22 while the N-terminus of the heavy chain was Ser72. Renin polypeptides constituted 3.1 +/- 1.4% (mean percentage of total precipitable radioactivity +/- SD) of de-novo-synthesized protein secreted into the medium and 0.2 +/- 0.17% retained intracellularly. Extrapolation of renin activity assays suggest that a single cell stores approximately 680 fg of active renin. A slow incremental release into the medium of processed renin heavy chain was detected by immunoprecipitation and SDS/PAGE. Renin activity assays confirmed the release of approximately 4 fg prorenin and 0.32 fg active renin cell(-1) h(-1). Indirect immunofluorescence demonstrated intracellular renin to be distributed in a punctate pattern. Renin was found to be colocalized with the lysosomal marker, beta-glucuronidase, by double-fluorescent labeling. These cells have enabled characterization of glycosylated mouse renin-1 and may prove a valuable tool for studying intracellular trafficing of renin and associated processing enzymes.

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