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J Biol Chem. 1997 Feb 21;272(8):4864-8.

Molecular cloning and expression of cDNA encoding human 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate:galactosylceramide 3'-sulfotransferase.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, Research Institute, Osaka Medical Center for Maternal and Child Health, Osaka 590-02, Japan.


We have isolated a cDNA clone encoding human 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate:galactosylceramide 3'-sulfotransferase (EC Degenerate oligonucleotides, based on amino acid sequence data for the purified enzyme, were used as primers to amplify fragments of the gene from human renal cancer cell cDNA by the polymerase chain reaction method. The amplified cDNA fragment was then used as probe to screen a human renal cancer cell cDNA library. The isolated cDNA clone contained an open reading frame encoding 423 amino acids including all of the peptides that were sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence predicts a type II transmembrane topology and contains two potential N-glycosylation sites. There is no significant homology between this sequence and either the sulfotransferases cloned to date or other known proteins. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that a 1.9-kilobase mRNA was unique to renal cancer cells. When the cDNA was inserted into the expression vector pSVK3 and transfected into COS-1 cells, galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity in the transfected cells increased from 8- to 16-fold over that of controls, and the enzyme product, sulfatide, was expressed on the transformed cells.

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