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J Recept Signal Transduct Res. 1997 Jan-May;17(1-3):127-36.

Signal perception and intracellular signal transduction in plant pathogen defense.

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Abt. Stress- und Entwicklungsbiologie, Institut für Pflanzenbiochemie, Halle.


Disease resistance in plant/pathogen interactions requires sensitive and specific recognition mechanisms for pathogen-derived signals in plants. Cultured parsley (Petroselinum crispum) cells respond to treatment with a crude cell wall preparation derived from the phytopathogenic fungus Phytophthora sojae with transcriptional activation of the same set of defense-related genes as are activated in parsley leaves upon infection with fungal spores. A 13 amino acid core sequence (Pep-13) of a 42 kDa fungal cell wall glycoprotein was identified, which stimulates the same responses as the crude cell wall elicitor, namely macroscopic Ca2+ and H(+)-influxes, effluxes of K(+)- and Cl- ions, production of active oxygen species (oxidative burst), defense-related gene activation, and formation of antifungal phytoalexins. Using [125I]Tyr-Pep-13 as ligand in binding assays, a single-class high-affinity binding site in parsley microsomal membranes and protoplasts could be detected. Binding was specific, saturable, and reversible. By chemical crosslinking, a 91 kDa parsley plasma membrane protein was identified to be the receptor of the peptide elicitor. Isolation of this receptor protein involved in pathogen defense in plants is under way.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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