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Cancer Invest. 1997;15(1):8-17.

Hormone dependence of mammary tumors induced in rats by intraperitoneal NMU injection.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Radioisótopos, Cátedra de Física, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, República Argentina.

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to determine the hormone dependence of mammary tumors induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by three intraperitoneal injections of N-nitroso-N-methylurea at 50, 80, and 110 days of age. Two experimental designs were carried out: (a) Ten days before the first NMU injection, 130 rats were divided into 13 batches and randomly assigned to the following treatments: control, ovariectomy (OVX), tamoxifen (TAM), bromocriptine (BROM), haloperidol (HAL), estradiol (E2), progesterone (Pg), OVX + BROM, TAM + BROM, OVX + HAL, TAM + HAL, OVX + TAM, and E2 + BROM. After 150 days of treatment the following growth parameters were determined: latency period (LP), mean tumor number per rat (n/t), and tumor incidence (TI). LP was significantly increased (p < 0.05) only by Pg and TAM + BROM. The n/t was significantly decreased (p < 0.05) by all treatments except HAL. TI was significantly reduced by OVX, TAM, BROM, and their combinations, (b) Rats bearing ip-NMU-induced mammary tumors were divided into 7 batches and assigned to the following treatments: control, OVX, TAM, BROM, HAL, OVX + BROM, and TAM + BROM. Tumor growth was assessed up to 60 days of treatment; only OVX, TAM and their combination with BROM were able to produce tumor regression. These results support the essential role of E2 and prolactin in the promotion stage of carcinogenesis. However, for established tumors, growth becomes more independent from hormone influence, in particular from prolactin deprivation. We conclude that this model seems suitable for studying the mechanisms underlying the evasion of hormonal control of tumor growth.

PMID:
9028385
DOI:
10.3109/07357909709018912
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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