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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1996 May 1;138(2-3):147-52.

Purification and biochemical characterization of pullulanase type I from Thermus caldophilus GK-24.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Oriental Medicine, Dong-Guk University, Kyung-Ju City, Kyung-Pook, South Korea.

Abstract

A thermostable pullulanase (pullulan 6-glucanohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.41) has been purified to homogeneity from Thermus caldophilus GK-24 by chromatographic methods, including gel-filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. The specific activity of the enzyme was increased 431-fold with a recovery of 13.2%. The purified enzyme was a monomer, M(r) = 65 kDa as estimated by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration. The pI was 6.1. The enzyme was most active at pH 5.5. The activity was maximal at 75 degrees C and stable up to 95 degrees C for 30 min at pH 5.5. The enzyme was stable to incubation from pH 3.5 to pH 8.0 at 4 degrees C for 24 h. The activity of the enzyme was stimulated by Mn2+ and Mg2+ ions. Ni2+, Ca2+, Co2+ ions and EDTA did not inhibit the enzyme activity. The enzyme hydrolyzed the alpha-1,6 linkages of amylopectin, glycogens, alpha, beta-limited dextrin, and pullulan. The enzyme caused the complete hydrolysis of pullulan to maltotriose. The activity was inhibited by alpha-, beta-, or gamma-cyclodextrins. The N-terminal sequence [(AIa-Pro-Gln-(Asp or Tyr)- Asn-Leu-Leu-Xaa-ILe-Gly-Ala(Ser)] showed some similarity to those of bacterial pullulanases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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