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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1997 Jan;21(1):61-6.

Nutritional status in adults in the pluri-ethnic population of New Caledonia. The CALDIA Study Group.

Author information

1
INSERM CJF 93-06, Hôpital Saint-Charles, Montpellier, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the nutritional status (body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR)) of the population of New Caledonia in relation to ethnicity and urban-rural environment.

DESIGN:

Diabetes screening survey in two rural provinces of New Caledonia and in the suburbs of Noumea.

SUBJECTS:

8875 subjects aged 30-59 y, Europeans, Melanesians and Polynesians.

MEASUREMENTS:

BMI, WHR.

RESULTS:

Obesity (BMI > or = 27 kg/m2 in men, 25 kg/m2 in women) was highly prevalent in all groups, but varied according to ethnicity: respectively, 43% and 52% in Europeans, 46% and 72% in Melanesians, 72% and 83% in Polynesians. In the urban area, mean WHR values, adjusted for age and BMI, were significantly higher than in rural areas, especially in Melanesians.

CONCLUSION:

Both ethnicity and urban-rural environment are linked to the amount and distribution of adiposity, which appeared worsened in the urban area in Europeans, and even more in Melanesians.

PMID:
9023603
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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