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Carbohydr Res. 1977 Jul;56(2):337-49.

Structure of the D-galactan isolated from garlic (Allium sativum) bulbs.


Hot-water extraction of defatted garlic-bulbs yielded a mixture of polysaccharides containing a D-galactan, a D-galacturonan, an L-arabinan, a D-glucan, and a D-fructan. A trace of L-rhamnose was also detected in the polysaccharide hydrolyzate. The pectic acid was partially removed by precipitation with aqueous calcium chloride; from the remaining polysaccharide mixture, a pure D-galactan containing 97.3% of D-galactose was isolated by fractional precipitation and repeated chromatography through a column of DEAE-cellulose. Methanolysis and hydrolysis of the permethylated D-galactan yielded 2,3,4,6-tetra-, 2,3,6-tri-, and 2,3,di-O-methyl-D-galactose in the molar proportions of 1:2:1. On periodate oxidation, the D-galactan reduced 1.18 molar equivalents of the oxidant per D-galactosyl residue, and liberated one molar equivalent of formic acid per 4.13 D-galactosyl residues. Smith degradation of the D-galactan was also conducted. From these results, a structure has been assigned to the repeating unit of the D-galactan.

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