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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1997 Jan 15;210(2):222-5.

Five-year longitudinal study on limited food consumption and development of osteoarthritis in coxofemoral joints of dogs.

Author information

1
Pet Products Research and Development, Ralston Purina Co, St. Louis, MO 63164, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effects of limited food intake on frequency and severity of osteoarthritis in coxofemoral joints of labrador Retrievers.

DESIGN:

Dogs were paired according to gender and body weight, within each litter at 8 weeks of age. One dog of each pair was fed ad libitum. The limit-fed pairmate was fed 75% of the amount eaten the previous day by the ad libitum-fed counterpart.

ANIMALS:

48 Labrador Retrievers.

PROCEDURE:

All dogs received the same diet. Radiographic evaluation of coxofemoral joints for frequency and severity of osteoarthritis were made when dogs were 4 and 6 months and 1, 2, 3, and 5 years old.

RESULTS:

Radiographic evaluation for osteoarthritis indicated greater frequency and more severity of osteoarthritis in the ad libitum-fed group of dogs.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

Analysis of data suggested that limit feeding of dogs over a 5-year period minimizes development of osteoarthritis in the coxofemoral joints.

PMID:
9018356
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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