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Biochemistry. 1977 Sep 20;16(19):4189-94.

Activation of bovine factor VII (proconvertin) by factor XIIa (activated Hageman factor).


Bovine factor VII (proconvertin) is a plasma glycoprotein that participates in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. It has a molecular weight of 45 500 and is composed of a single polypeptide chain with an amino-terminal alanine residue. Factor VII is readily converted to factor VIIa by factor XIIa (activated Hageman factor) employing an enzyme to substrate weight ratio of 1:50. Factor VIIa is composed of a light and a heavy chain held together by a disulfide bond(s). The heavy chain, which is formed from the carboxyl-terminal region of the precursor, contains an amino-terminal sequence of Ile-Val-Gly-Gly-. The heavy chain also contains the active-site sequence of -Phe-Cys-Ala-Gly-Tyr-Thr-Asp-Gly-Thr-Lys-Asp-Ala-Cys-Lys-Gly-Asp-Ser-Gly-Gly-Pro-His-. This sequence is homologous with the active-site region of a number of plasma serine proteases. These data indicate that factor VII is a typical precursor of a serine protease which is converted to an enzyme by factor XIIa by the cleavage of a single, internal peptide bond.

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