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NMR Biomed. 1996 Jun;9(4):165-72.

ADP recovery after a brief ischemic exercise in normal and diseased human muscle--a 31P MRS study.

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1
Department of Neurology, Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

The pattern of cytosolic ADP recovery after exercise has not been fully characterized in human skeletal muscle. ADP recovery after brief, ischemic exercise was studied by 31phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy in calf muscles of 33 normal control subjects, four patients with McArdle's disease and 13 patients with mitochondrial myopathy. In normal muscle, the half-time for the initial ADP decline was 0.18 +/- 0.07 min and was unaffected by the pH or the metabolic state at the end of exercise. ADP decreased to below rest values during the second min of recovery in 27 out of 33 control subjects. There was a significant (p < 0.001) linear correlation for both the size (r = 0.65) and duration (r = 0.64) of this ADP undershoot with intracellular pH. Phosphocreatine resynthesis continued during the ADP undershoot. ADP undershoot was also found in patients with mitochondrial diseases (in 11 out of 13), but not McArdle's disease (six patients). Thus ADP recovery follows a complex time course that is partly dependent on pH. Only the initial ADP recovery is independent of pH, which makes it suitable for comparative assessment of muscle mitochondrial function in vivo. As phosphocreatine recovery continues during the ADP undershoot, mitochondrial regulation must be different from that at the onset of recovery. These observations are consistent with variable, changing regulators of mitochondrial metabolism in human skeletal muscle.

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