Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Virol Suppl. 1996;12:113-8.

VP4 and VP7 typing using monoclonal antibodies.

Author information

Department of Microbiology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


Both rotavirus outer capsid proteins, VP4 and VP7, elicit neutralizing antibodies. Neutralizing mouse monoclonal antibodies (N-MAbs) to VP7 are easily derived and have been used widely and successfully to serotype both stool-derived and culture-adapted rotaviruses by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Generally, approximately 70% of rotaviruses in stool samples are typable by VP7 EIA, an inexpensive and practical method. Variations in antigenic regions between strains within human rotavirus serotypes 1, 2, 4, and 9 have been recorded. These have been termed monotypes because they are detected with N-MAbs. The molecular basis for monotypes has been determined by mapping mutations selected in N-MAb-resistant antigenic variants, and by sequence analysis of the gene encoding VP7 in newly recognized monotypes. Antigenic regions A, B and C in VP7 are involved. In order to detect all members of a particular VP7 serotype, it is necessary to type with a panel of N-MAbs specific for that serotype. N-MAbs to VP4 of human rotavirus are difficult to raise and few have proven suitable for VP4 serotyping by EIA. The specificity of the assay for each P type is highest when the VP7 serotype specificity of the capture antiserum is matched to the G type of the rotavirus in the test sample. The VP4 EIA gives similar typing rates to the VP7 typing EIA. N-MAbs directed to VP8, the smaller subunit of VP4 generated by proteolytic cleavage, are more likely to show serotype specificity. Some N-MAbs that select mutations in the putative fusion region of VP5, the larger subunit of VP4, show cross-reactivity with extracts of normal, uninfected MA 104 cells and with fetal bovine serum. These N-MAbs also give elevated EIA OD readings with rotavirus-positive, but previously non-reactive fecal samples which have been frozen and thawed repeatedly. Overall, VP8-reactive N-MAbs appear most suitable for VP4 typing by EIA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center