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J Biol Chem. 1997 Feb 7;272(6):3599-605.

Molecular identification of a novel candidate sorting receptor purified from human brain by receptor-associated protein affinity chromatography.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.


Receptor-associated protein (RAP) is an endoplasmic reticulum/Golgi protein involved in the processing of receptors of the low density lipoprotein receptor family. A approximately 95-kDa membrane glycoprotein, designated gp95/sortilin, was purified from human brain extracts by RAP affinity chromatography and cloned in a human cDNA library. The gene maps to chromosome 1p and encodes an 833-amino acid type I receptor containing an N-terminal furin cleavage site immediately preceding the N terminus determined in the purified protein. Gp95/sortilin is expressed in several tissues including brain, spinal cord, and testis. Gp95/sortilin is not related to the low density lipoprotein receptor family but shows intriguing homologies to established sorting receptors: a 140-amino acid lumenal segment of sortilin representing a hitherto unrecognized type of extracellular module shows extensive homology to corresponding segments in each of the two lumenal domains of yeast Vps10p, and the extreme C terminus of the cytoplasmic tail of sortilin contains the casein kinase phosphorylation consensus site and an adjacent dileucine sorting motif that mediate assembly protein-1 binding and lysosomal sorting of the mannose-6-phosphate receptors. Expression of a chimeric receptor containing the cytoplasmic tail of gp95/sortilin demonstrates evidence that the tail conveys colocalization with the cation-independent mannose6-phosphate receptor in endosomes and the Golgi compartment.

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