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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1997 Jan;19(1):81-2.

Clinical features and successful recovery from disseminated nocardiosis after BMT.

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BMT Program, Fundação Pró Sangue Hemocentro de São Paulo, Brazil.


Nocardiosis has rarely been described after BMT. When the doses of immunosuppressive therapy were tapered, a 46-year-old BMT recipient developed chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and immunosuppresive drugs were increased. Sixteen days later the patient developed nocardiosis diagnosed by lung biopsy. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMZ) was initiated but the doses were reduced because of rising creatinine levels. Skin and cerebral dissemination of nocardiosis was observed and TMP/SMZ doses were increased. After 4 months, the brain lesion was unaltered despite resolution of pulmonary lesions. Clinical improvement was observed after drainage of the brain abscess.

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