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Biotherapy. 1996;9(4):221-8.

Assessment of the effect of candidate anti-inflammatory treatments on the interaction between meningococci and inflammatory cells in vitro in a whole blood model.

Author information

1
Academic Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College School of Medicine St Marys Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

A wide range of immunomodulating agents are now available which may be of benefit in reducing inflammatory cell activation in meningococcal sepsis. In order to facilitate selection of candidate anti-inflammatory agents for clinical trials, we have used an in vitro whole blood model to evaluate the effects on meningococcal induced neutrophil and monocyte activation, of dexamethasone, prostacyclin, pentoxifylline and a human IgM anti-lipid A monoclonal antibody (HA-1A). Known concentrations of heat and penicillin killed meningococci were added to whole blood and the time course of cellular activation was determined. Using elastase alpha 1-antitrypsin (elastase-alpha 1-AT) and TNF alpha production as markers of neutrophil and monocyte activation respectively, plasma levels of elastase-alpha 1-AT and TNF alpha were found to increase in a dose-dependent manner. Elastase-alpha 1-AT was detected early, with most release occurring between 15-30 min whereas TNF alpha was detected later, between 120-180 min. Dexamethasone, prostacyclin and pentoxifylline caused a dose-dependent inhibition of TNF alpha release but had no effect on elastase release. HA-1A had no effect on either TNF alpha or elastase release. This model may be useful in determining the sequence of inflammatory cell activation and in selecting candidate anti-inflammatory agents for evaluation in clinical trials.

PMID:
9012541
DOI:
10.1007/bf02620735
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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