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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1997 Jan;17(1):37-47.

Arbitrary primed PCR fingerprinting and serotyping of clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains.

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Departamento de Biotecnología, Universidad Politécnica, Valencia, Spain.


Arbitrary primed PCR (AP-PCR) analysis was compared with serotyping as a means of high-resolution typing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Seventy-four isolates from 3 different hospitals and 18 reference strains were studied. Serotyping provided good index of discrimination, although eleven isolates could not be serotyped. Genomic DNA was amplified with a single 10 nucleotide primer (sequence 5'-AGG GGT CTT G-3'). The strains were genetically diverse and 61 different AP-PCR profiles of 2-7 bands between 0.3 and 2.4 kb were obtained. AP-PCR profiles were not consistently associated with serotypes, but they clearly subtyped strains of the same serotype. Numerical analysis of AP-PCR patterns defined 7 groups at the 55% similarity level, and identified predominant strains in each hospital. The results show that AP-PCR analysis provides a simple and practical approach to typing P. aeruginosa that is more discriminatory than traditional serotyping scheme. We suggest that maximum discrimination can be achieved by a combination of both methods.

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