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Plant J. 1996 Dec;10(6):1103-10.

The pef mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana define lesions early in the phytochrome signaling pathway.

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Plant Science Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA.


In a screen for early-flowering mutants, a number of mutants that were early flowering under both short and long days were isolated. One such mutant, pef1, was selectively insensitive to both red and far-red light in the inhibition of hypocotyl elongation response; a classic phytochrome phenotype mediated by both PHYA and PHYB. The pef1 mutant seedlings could not be phenotypically rescued by biliverdin, a precursor of the phytochrome chromophore, nor did they fail to complement any previously identified elongated hypocotyl (hy) mutants. Difference spectra and Western blot analysis showed normal concentrations of PHYA photoreceptor apoprotein, which appeared photochemically active. It was concluded that the pef1 mutant is defective in both PHYA- and PHYB-mediated signaling pathways, and may represent a lesion in an early step of the phytochrome signal transduction pathway. Additional pef mutants deficient specifically in PHYB-mediated responses were also identified by this screen.

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