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J Biochem. 1996 Dec;120(6):1190-5.

Role of calcium in tumor necrosis factor-alpha production by activated macrophages.

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Department of Biomolecular Science, Faculty of Science, Toho University, Chiba.


The role of calcium in the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) by the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage cell line, J774.1, was investigated. Flow cytometric measurement of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca]i) using 2-(3,6-bis(acetyl-oxy)-2,7-dichloro-9H-xanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid (fluo-3)-loaded J774.1 cells revealed that LPS at more than 0.1 microgram/ml increased [Ca]i transiently in the presence or absence of serum, and that a mixture of a calcium chelator, ethyleneglycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA), and a calcium release blocker from intracellular store sites, 8-(diethylamino)-octyl-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate hydrochloride (TMB-8), inhibited the [Ca]i response induced by LPS. In concordance with this, production of TNF-alpha was inhibited by EGTA and/or TMB-8. These reagents also reduced the level of TNF-alpha mRNA significantly. These results indicate that the transient increase of [Ca]i plays a role in LPS-induced expression of TNF-alpha by the macrophage cell line.

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