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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 1996 Sep;59(1):31-9.

Characterization of the functional progesterone receptor in an endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line (Ishikawa): progesterone-induced expression of the alpha1 integrin.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599, USA.

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  • J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 1997 Jan;60(1-2):161.


Endometrial progesterone receptors (PR) are regulated by both estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P) and mediate the expression of specific endometrial proteins. Ishikawa cells are a well-differentiated human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line, with both estrogen receptors (ER) and PR, regulated in a manner similar to that of normal endometrium. Immunohistochemical and biochemical analyses demonstrate that the concentration of PR is increased by E2 priming and decreased by subsequent treatment with P. Scatchard plot analysis showed a K(d) of 1 nM. On the basis of biochemical analysis, PR concentrations reached approximately 1400 fmol/mg cytosol protein in cells after treatment with E2 (10(-8) M) for 4 days. Immunoprecipitation and Western blot studies revealed the presence of both the 116 kDa and 81 kDa proteins with multiple isoforms of the high molecular weight (MW) protein. Northern blot analysis demonstrated transcriptional control of PR by steroid treatment. These studies demonstrate the coordinate regulation of all PR mRNA species. The functionality of Ishikawa PR was demonstrated by the expression of alpha1beta1 integrin in response to E2 plus P, at the level of transcription and translation. This effect was blocked by the addition of the anti-progestin, RU-486. These studies reconfirm that the Ishikawa cell line is an excellent model for the study of hormonally regulated events in the human endometrial epithelium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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