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J Cell Physiol. 1997 Feb;170(2):153-65.

Activation of protein kinase A is a pivotal step involved in both BMP-2- and cyclic AMP-induced chondrogenesis.

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1
Department of Pathology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA.

Abstract

We studied the roles of protein kinase A (PKA) activation and cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation in chondrogenesis using serum-free chicken limb bud micromass cultures as a model system. We showed the following points: 1) in micromass cultures, activation of PKA enhances chondrogenesis and increases the phosphorylation of CREB; 2) BMP-2, a chondrogenic stimulator, increases PKA activity and the level of phosphorylated CREB (P-CREB); 3) H8, a PKA inhibitor, inhibits chondrogenesis; 4) the chondrogenic activities of BMP-2 and cAMP are suppressed by H8; and 5) long-term TPA treatment (a protein kinase C (PKC) modulator) inhibits chondrogenesis and decreases the levels of CREB and P-CREB. These results suggest that activation of PKA is a physiological event during chondrogenesis that is involved in the chondrogenic effects of both BMP-2 and cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent pathways.

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