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J Invest Dermatol. 1997 Feb;108(2):220-3.

Missense mutations in keratin 17 cause either pachyonychia congenita type 2 or a phenotype resembling steatocystoma multiplex.

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Department of Anatomy & Physiology, Medical Sciences Institute, University of Dundee, U.K.


Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a group of autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasias in which the main phenotypic characteristic is hypertrophic nail dystrophy. In the Jackson-Lawler form (PC-2), pachyonychia is accompanied by multiple pilosebaceous cysts, natal teeth, and hair abnormalities. By direct sequencing of genomic PCR products, we report heterozygous K17 missense mutations in the same conserved protein motif in a further five PC-2 families (K17 N92S in one familial and three sporadic cases; K17 Y98D in one familial case) confirming that mutations in this gene are a common cause of PC-2. We also show heterozygous missense mutations in K17 (N92H and R94H) in two families diagnosed as steatocystoma multiplex. Mild nail defects were observed in some but not all of these patients on clinical re-evaluation of these families. All the K17 mutations reported here were shown to co-segregate with the disease in the pedigrees analyzed and were excluded from 100 unaffected, unrelated chromosomes by restriction enzyme analysis of K17 genomic PCR products. We conclude that phenotypic variation is observed with K17 mutations, as is the case with other keratin disorders.

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