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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jan 31;272(5):2620-8.

Actin-binding protein-280 binds the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) activator SEK-1 and is required for tumor necrosis factor-alpha activation of SAPK in melanoma cells.

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Diabetes Unit and Medical Services, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 021291, USA.


SEK-1, a dual specificity protein kinase that serves as one of the immediate upstream activators of the stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs), associates specifically with the actin-binding protein, ABP-280, in vitro and in situ. SEK-1 binds to the carboxyl-terminal rod segment of ABP-280, upstream of the ABP carboxyl-terminal dimerization domain. Activation of SEK-1 in situ increases the SEK-1 activity bound to ABP-280 without changing the amount of SEK-1 polypeptide bound. The influence of ABP-280 on SAPK regulation was evaluated in human melanoma cells that lack ABP-280 expression, and in stable transformants of these cells expressing wild type ABP, or an actin-binding but dimerization-deficient mutant ABP (ABPDeltaCT109). ABP-280-deficient cells show an activation of SAPK in response to most stimuli that is comparable to that seen in ABP-280-replete cells; ABP-280-deficient cells, however, fail to show the brisk tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) activation of SAPK seen in ABP-replete cells and have an 80% reduction in SAPK activation by lysophosphatidic acid. Expression of the dimerization-deficient mutant ABP-280 fails to correct the defective SAPK response to lysophosphatidic acid, but essentially normalizes the TNF-alpha activation of SAPK. Thus, a lack of ABP-280 in melanoma cells causes a defect in the regulation of SAPK that is selective for TNF-alpha and is attributable to the lack of ABP-280 polypeptide itself rather than to the disordered actin cytoskeleton that results therefrom. ABP-280 participates in TNF-alpha signal transduction to SAPKs, in part through the binding of SEK-1.

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