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Hum Genet. 1997 Jan;99(1):62-5.

PCR-based detection of mosaicism in Turner syndrome patients.

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Department of Pediatrics, Kyoto University Hospital, Japan.


To study the possible role of cryptic mosaicism in phenotypical variations of 45,X Turner syndrome, we analyzed low-level mosaicism by methods based on the polymerase chain reaction. For the detection of Y-chromosome-derived fragments, we used three Y-specific primer pairs representing the centromere, Yp11.3, and Yq12. None of the 18 patients with 45,X had Y-derived chromosomes. For the detection of X chromosome mosaicism, we employed a novel modified HUMARA (human androgen receptor) assay, which proved to be a sensitive method with a detection limit as low as 1 in 960 cells. Using this assay, we detected low frequency cryptic X chromosome mosaicism in 2 of 18 cytogenetically 45,X patients.

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