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Biochemistry. 1997 Jan 14;36(2):281-7.

Femtosecond transient absorption study of carotenoid to chlorophyll energy transfer in the light-harvesting complex II of photosystem II.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Strahlenchemie, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.


Singlet energy transfer between the carotenoids (Cars) and chlorophylls (Chls) in the light-harvesting complex II (LHC II) from higher plants has been studied using ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy by exciting the Cars directly in the 475-515 nm wavelength range. LHC II trimers from Arabidopsis thaliana with well-defined Car compositions have been used. From HPLC, the wild type (WT) monomer contains two luteins (Ls), one neoxanthin (N), and a trace of violaxanthin (V) per 12 Chls. The ABA-3 mutant contains 1.4 Ls and 0.6 zeaxanthin (Z) per monomer. Though exploitation of the difference in Car constitution and exciting the WT at 475 and 490 nm, and the ABA-3 mutant at 490 and 515 nm, the different Car contributions to energy transfer have been probed. Evidence for energy transfer mainly from the Car to Chl b is observed in the WT. In the mutant, additional transfer from Car to Chl a correlates with the presence of Z. The results imply predominant energy transfer from the central Ls to Chl b which requires a modification of the currently accepted arrangement of Chl pigments in LHC II.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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