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Urology. 1997 Jan;49(1):145-50.

Preservation of shock-wave-induced renal histologic changes by dermatan sulfate.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Ibn-i Sina Hospital, University of Ankara, Medical School, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the protective effects of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) administration on shock-wave-induced renal histologic alterations, an experimental study using dermatan sulfate administration (DS) in rabbits was performed.

METHODS:

The study included 45 white New Zealand rabbits; 36 were divided into two groups before shock-wave application. Animals in the first group (n = 18) received no specific medication before or after shock-wave treatment; animals in the second group (n = 18) received subcutaneous DS administration for a period of 2 months, beginning 2 weeks before shock-wave application. Following different numbers of shock-wave application (500, 1000, or 1500 shock waves), histopathologic evaluation of treated kidneys was made under light microscopy after 24 hours and 3 months. Nine animals were used for the control group.

RESULTS:

During 24-hour examination, most of the kidneys in both groups demonstrated varying degrees of histopathologic alterations, depending on the number of shock waves applied. Among the most prominent pathologic features were protein deposition with free erythrocytes in the tubular lumen, glomerular hemorrhage, tubular dilation and degeneration, protein in Bowman's capsule, hyperemia, and mononuclear cell infiltration at the interstitial level. As opposed to the 24-hour evaluation findings, long-term (3-month) follow-up examination revealed histopathologic alterations that decreased but did not totally disappear in animals receiving no DS. Glomerular basement membrane thickening, mononuclear cell infiltration and limited protein deposition in some tubules, together with cortical interstitial fibrosis, were observed to some extent in these animals. On the other hand, no severe histopathologic alteration with normal glomerular basement membrane appearance was noted in animals receiving DS medication.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicated a long-term favorable protective effect of DS administration on morphologic abnormalities in rabbits undergoing shock-wave treatment. Although tubular alterations persisted to some extent, mononuclear cell infiltration has been limited and the natural appearance of the basement membrane has been well preserved in most of the treated animals.

PMID:
9000207
DOI:
10.1016/S0090-4295(96)00446-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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