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Oncogene. 1996 Dec 19;13(12):2737-41.

Allelotyping of all chromosomal arms in invasive cervical cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Abstract

The best characterized factor in the development of cervical cancer is the integration, of human papillomavirus into cervical cell chromosomes. In addition to HPV integration, the neoplastic process probably requires the activation of cellular protooncogenes and loss of tumor suppressor gene function. Loss of heterozygosity analysis in a large sample is used to identify regions which harbor putative tumor suppressor genes (TSG) since the deletion of normal alleles unmask mutated alleles. We evaluated tumor tissue from invasive cervical carcinomas, carefully microdissected to eliminate normal stroma and lymphocytes, for LOH at all 41 chromosomal arms with 50 polymorphic markers. We have evaluated tumor and normal DNA pairs from 48 invasive cervical cancers of which 85% of the tumors are confined to the cervix. The mean loss for all chromosomal arms was 12%. Three regions exhibited LOH two standard deviations above the mean: 3p14.1-12 (40%), 11q23.3 (36%), and 6p22-21.3 (32%). Three regions showed loss one standard deviation above the mean: 19q13.4 (30%), 6q21-23.33 (25%), and 2q33-37 (24%). Our results indicate that a significant number of invasive cervical cancers have lost specific chromsomal regions, thereby suggesting that genes involved in the cell cycle regulation or the suppression of tumor development are located in these regions.

PMID:
9000149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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