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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jan 24;272(4):2551-8.

Activation of protein kinase C (alpha, beta, and zeta) by insulin in 3T3/L1 cells. Transfection studies suggest a role for PKC-zeta in glucose transport.

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1
J. A. Haley Veterans Hospital Research Service, and Departments of Internal Medicine and Biochemistry, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33612, USA.

Abstract

We presently studied (a) insulin effects on protein kinase C (PKC) and (b) effects of transfection-induced, stable expression of PKC isoforms on glucose transport in 3T3/L1 cells. In both fibroblasts and adipocytes, insulin provoked increases in membrane PKC enzyme activity and membrane levels of PKC-alpha and PKC-beta. However, insulin-induced increases in PKC enzyme activity were apparent in both non-down-regulated adipocytes and adipocytes that were down-regulated by overnight treatment with 5 microM phorbol ester, which largely depletes PKC-alpha, PKC-beta, and PKC-epsilon, but not PKC-zeta. Moreover, insulin provoked increases in the enzyme activity of immunoprecipitable PKC-zeta. In transfection studies, stable overexpression of wild-type or constitutively active forms of PKC-alpha, PKC-beta1, and PKC-beta2 failed to influence basal or insulin-stimulated glucose transport (2-deoxyglucose uptake) in fibroblasts and adipocytes, despite inhibiting insulin effects on glycogen synthesis. In contrast, stable overexpression of wild-type PKC-zeta increased, and a dominant-negative mutant form of PKC-zeta decreased, basal and insulin-stimulated glucose transport in fibroblasts and adipocytes. These findings suggested that: (a) insulin activates PKC-zeta, as well as PKC-alpha and beta; and (b) PKC-zeta is required for, and may contribute to, insulin effects on glucose transport in 3T3/L1 cells.

PMID:
8999972
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.272.4.2551
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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