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Am J Physiol. 1996 Dec;271(6 Pt 2):R1668-75.

IL-1 type I receptor mediates acute phase response to turpentine, but not lipopolysaccharide, in mice.

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1
Institute for Basic and Applied Medical Research, Lovelace Institutes, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA.

Abstract

This study examined the role of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) type I receptor (IL-1RtI) in the acute phase response (APR) to inflammation in mice. Turpentine (100 microliters/mouse) injected subcutaneously induced fever, lethargy, body weight loss, and anorexia in IL-1RtI wild-type mice. Knockout mice lacking the IL-1RtI were resistant to these effects of turpentine, supporting a role for this receptor in the APR to local inflammation. The intraperitoneal injection of a low (50 micrograms/kg) or high (2.5 mg/kg) dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced similar APRs in IL-1RtI wild-type and knockout mice. IL-1RtI knockout mice were resistant to the APR induced by peripherally injected murine IL-1 beta, suggesting that it is not the interaction of endogenous IL-1 beta with IL-1RtII that induces an APR to LPS in these mice. We speculate that the absence of IL-1RtI in these knockout mice results in the sensitization of other cytokine pathways to mediate the APR to LPS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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