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Am J Physiol. 1996 Dec;271(6 Pt 1):L918-23.

P-selectin-mediated attachment of small cell lung carcinoma to endothelial cells.

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Laboratory for Experimental Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202, USA.


Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) frequently metastasizes early in the course of the disease. P-selectin (P-sel), a cell adhesion molecule expressed on activated platelets and endothelial cells (EC), has previously been demonstrated to mediate binding of platelets to SCLC. We hypothesized that P-sel facilitates attachment of SCLC to EC, acting as an important factor in SCLC metastasis. To test this hypothesis, attachment of H82 cells (SCLC cell line) to EC was quantified. Attachment of H82 cells to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-activated EC was increased compared with control EC. Increased attachment of H82 cells to EC was apparent after 10 min of TPA activation, reached a peak after 30 min, and returned to baseline after 120 min of exposure. The TPA-induced increase in H82 cell attachment to EC was inhibited by addition of anti-P-sel antibodies but not by addition of anti-E-selectin antibodies. The TPA-induced increase in H82 cell attachment was likely mediated by activation of EC protein kinase C (PKC). Pretreatment of the EC with PKC inhibitors effectively blocked the TPA-mediated increase in H82 cell attachment. In addition, prolonged exposure of EC to TPA resulted in decreased expression of the PKC-alpha and PKC-epsilon isoforms. These data indicate for the first time that attachment of SCLC to activated EC appears to be mediated by increased expression of P-sel on the EC surface, which may result from activation of specific isoforms of PKC.

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